FROGS OF THE WORLD

Frogs are one of the most diverse and dynamic animal groups in the world.  Children all over the world often experience their first taste of nature through the world of frogs - such as through their vocalizations on a summer night, or through holding these delicate creatures.  In the 21st century, however, these voices are being silenced.  Due to climate change, habitat destruction, and the chytrid fungus, many species of frogs have become extinct, or are facing imminent extinction.  

This extinction event has been noted as a “canary in a coal mine” for other animal species.  Fortunately, biologists, conservationists and citizens have sounded the alarm, and are taking steps to address frog declines.  Many zoos now have captive breeding programs with rare frogs, so as to enable their reintroduction once habitat threats have ameliorated.  Preserving the digital heritage of these animals presents a powerful symbol of the concern for their future.  As frogs are popular among the public, these digital models will represent a fresh approach to outreach and education on their morphology, behavior, and life history.  Below are a few of the frog species we have scanned, stay tuned for more!  This work is being done in collaboration with Zoo Atlanta, the Amphibian Foundation, the Oklahoma City Zoo, the University of Oklahoma, and the University of Massachusetts at Amherst.

Scientists:

 

Instructions: Click on a frog image below load the 3D model

Panamanian Golden Frog

This beautiful golden frog lives in tropical mountain forests and breeds in forest streams. It has the ability to secrete a variety of toxins to protect itself from predators. However, it is critically endangered due to an infectious fungal disease known as chytridiomycosis, deforestation, and water pollution.

Horned Frog

This large frog (up to 16 cm in length) is a voracious predator that is known for consuming a wide range of prey, including invertebrates and vertebrates.  The primary habitat of this species grassland.  Its bright colors makes it a popular pet. 

Rusty Robber Frog

This nocturnal frog lives near rivers and streams in wet and moist lowland forests. Though there are no major threats on the species overall, this frog faces habitat loss through deforestation and pollution of waterways.

 

Black-Legged Poison Frog

Male black legged poison frogs carry their tadpoles on their back to transport them to puddles where they are nourished and protected until they become froglets. As adults, these frogs are solitary animals that live in trees near streams. They have the ability to produce highly toxic secretions from their food sources in the wild. Despite their natural defenses, this frog faces threats from deforestation, invasive species, and pollution.

Colorado River Toad

This nocturnal frog can be found from arid grasslands to oak and sycamore groves in mountain canyons. It sometimes takes refuge in rodent burrows and is an active forager, feeding on invertebrates, lizards, small mammals, and amphibians. To avoid becoming prey itself, it secretes a poison potent enough to paralyze a full grown dog.

Evergreen Toad

This frog can be found both in trees and on the ground of the humid lowlands and lower mountain ranges of tropical forests. Brown, green, and yellow coloration allows them remarkably effective camouflage in their forest habitat.

 

Pixie Frog

This large frog lives in the drier savanna or tropical dry shrublands where it prefers to burrow in the ground for most of the year. During the rainy season, it emerges to breed in temporary pools. A voracious eater, the African bullfrog feeds on insects, small rodents, reptiles, small birds, and on occasion, its own tadpoles. 

Fanged Frog

This brown and green frog gets its name from its unusually large teeth, which are small or absent in other frogs. It inhabits the streams and rivers in the lowland forests of the northern Philippines. It is also found on the forest edges and agricultural areas near forests, but is facing habitat loss due to expanding agriculture, pollution, and harvesting by local people.

Fowlers Toad

This small toad is one of the most common toads found in the Eastern United States.  It is typically dull brown or olive in coloration and often blends into the forest floor.

 

Whites Tree Frog

This frog is commonly kept as a pet due to its pleasant “dumpy” appearance and its docile behavior. Even when it is not kept as a pet, it can be found in mailboxes, toilet bowls, and meter boxes. In the wild, it can be found in a range of habitats from areas near streams to hills and plains far from water where they feed on various invertebrates.

Fringe Leaf Frog

This stunning frog is rarely seen by humans as it lives in the high canopies of tropical rainforests in Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, and Peru and only descends to lower branches to breed in small water pools in trees or on the ground. While listed as least concern by the IUCN, its populations are feared to be declining due to loss of habitat from human activities such as agriculture.

Solomon Island Leaf Frog

This nocturnal terrestrial frog lives in the rainforests of the Solomon islands and Papua New Guinea. It resembles a leaf with its shape and brown, gold, and green coloration.

 

TIGER STRIPED MONKEY FROG - Brown Phase

The tiger-legged monkey frog gets it name from the orange and black coloration along its flanks and inner legs and the fact that is likes to climb. This nocturnal frog can be found perched on shrubs and other vegetation in seasonally flooded grassland and tropical dry forests. 

TIGER STRIPED MONKEY FROG - GReen Phase

The tiger-legged monkey frog gets it name from the orange and black coloration along its flanks and inner legs and the fact that is likes to climb. This nocturnal frog can be found perched on shrubs and other vegetation in seasonally flooded grassland and tropical dry forests. 

Marine Toad

The Cane toad (Rhinella marina) is native to Central America, but has invaded many habitats throughout tropical regions of the word.  Their large size (over 200 g), high poison yield, and a hardy disposition all have facilitated the ability to invade habitats.